Watch our overview video on the books of 12 kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. The widow of zarephath is unsure of elijahs identity when, after taking the prophet into her home, her son becomes deathly sick. Until a man recognizes that he is nothing, god can do nothing with him. Although the writer is unknown, it was written while the first temple was still standing 1 kings 8. Study the bible online using commentary on 2 kings 17 and more. Summary of the book of 2 kings this is the second part of the book of kings. It continues the story of the kings over the divided kingdom israel and judah.
Whether he taught them out of the book of the law, or only by word of. Mccauley in wycliffe bible encyclopedia gave it as 782 to 753 b. Those who were carried captives to a great distance, were mostly lost among the nations. Study 2 kings 2 using matthew henrys bible commentary concise to better understand scripture with full outline and verse meaning.
In these four books the history of the nation is traced from the time of its greatest extent, influence, and prosperity under david and solomon to the division and finally the captivity and exile of both kingdoms. The second book of kings cambridge bible commentaries on. Jehoram reigned in his stead namely, his brother, because he had no son. It concludes the deuteronomistic history, a history of israel also comprising the books of joshua and judges and the book of samuel, which biblical commentators believe was written to provide a theological explanation for the destruction of the kingdom of judah by babylon in. Unto this day that is, till the time when this book was written, above three hundred years in all, till the time of. Therefore, 2 kings is actually the fourth book in the series on the history of the hebrew kings as presently arranged.
Elijahs spirit gave him power over death 1 kings 17. Israel is united under the godly king david, who appoints his son solomon. He lived just before jerusalems enemies overcame the city. After the confrontation between elijah and the prophets of baal on mount carmel 1 kings 18, elijah fled jezebels wrath and fell into despair 1 kings 19. Originally one book, they were divided by the septuagint translators.
Read 2 kings 17 commentary using commentary critical and explanatory on the whole bible. Each section of the text is followed by the commentary upon it. In kings, davids son solomon leads israel to greatness, only to. The book was divided into the two books of first kings and second kings in the historical books of the greek septuagint old testament, and continues as. This summary of the book of 2 kings provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of 2 kings. The book was divided into the two books of first kings and second kings in the historical books of the greek septuagint old testament, and continues as such in the latin vulgate and our christian old testament of the bible. Book of first kings overview insight for living ministries.
The tradition is that 1 and 2 chronicles were written by ezra. By the end of the story, though, she is ready to proclaim, now i know that you are a man of god, and that the word of the. A free bible version and commentary on the old testament book of 2 kings in easy english. Lasor new bible commentary, revised dated it, from circa 782752 b. The enduring word bible commentary from david guzik is a trusted study resource for anyone wanting to study and understand gods word. If jeremiah did write much of kings, he could not have written this section, set in babylon, for he had been taken away to egypt years earlier. Coregent with predecessor or successor the years in brackets give alternative calculations. The same thing happened with the books of samuel and chronicles immediately before and after the books of kings. Read 2 kings 17 commentary using matthew henry commentary on the whole bible complete. But jeroboam drew israel away from following the lord and made them commit a great sin.
Enduring word presents free bible resources from david guzik, including his written commentary on the bible. Enoch was the only other man in the bible to do so genesis 5. And a welltodo woman was there, who urged him to stay for a meal. The second book of kings niv audio holy bible high quality and best speed book 12 duration. Considering the two books as a unit, they open with king david, and they close with the king of babylon. Oral teaching was much better fitted for the superstitious people than instruction out of a written book. Whereas first and second samuel document israels shift from corrupt judges to the righteous leadership of david, kings shows how israel divides and falls into the hands of her enemies these books of history pick up where second samuel left off. Previous postwas the book of isaiah written by the prophet isaiah. This is why the two books bear especially a prophetic character while the books of chronicles have a priestly character.
They cover the period in israels history from davids death through the division of the kingdom after solomons death, until 2nd kings read more. Yahweh reassured him that there were seven thousand who had. However, he came and dwelt among them, to teach them how they should fear the lord. Kings, or in greek, was originally a book of the former prophets in hebrew scripture. Experience the tragic drama of 2 kings as you follow the long descent of israel and judah to the destruction of jerusalem and babylonian exile. An introduction to the books of first and second kings. And he did evil in the sight of the lord, but not as the kings of israel who were before him. The books of 1 and 2 kings describes a movement towards the eventual loss of the land and exile. They are the same types of history as the books of samuel. Books of kings, two books of the hebrew bible or the protestant old testament that, together with deuteronomy, joshua, judges, and 1 and 2 samuel, belong to the group of historical books deuteronomic history written during the babylonian exile c. The time period covered by this book saw the emergence of.
As in the other cambridge bible commentary volumes, an introduction is followed by the text of the new english bible translation divided into sections. Verses 1 7 in the second year of joash son of joahaz king of israel began amaziah the son of joash king of judah to reign. The moral teaching is to show man his inability to rule. It concludes the deuteronomistic history, a history of israel also comprising the books of joshua and judges and the book of samuel, which. Modern scholarship assigns the authorship to the prophets. Hobbs, word biblical commentary wbc, thomas nelson, 1985, 387 pp. In the twelfth year of ahaz king of judah, hoshea the son of elah became king of israel in samaria, and he reigned nine years. It would require an entire book of several hundred pages to explore in any. Second kings features many unique events and people. Gods judgment on all 19 kings of the northern ten tribe kingdom was he did evil in the sight of the lord. Enduring word free bible commentary from pastor david guzik.
Study 2 kings 17 using matthew henrys bible commentary concise to better understand scripture with full outline and verse meaning. This request is a hard thing because elijah does not have the power to convey his spiritual authority to elisha. David guzik commentary on 2 kings 17 gives an account of the fall of the northern kingdom to the assyrians, and explains the reason for the fall. The waters of the jordan river rolled back twice 2 kings 2. As the elijah narratives indicate, however, the god of israel specializes in feeding the hungry 1 kings 17. The expression man of god appears over 50 times in the books of kings. The books of 1 and 2 kings recount events that cover a period of just over four hundred years, from the death of david to the release of jehoiachin from prison in babylon. Second kings, the subject of this commentary, traces this history from the reign of ahaziah over the northern kingdom and jehoshaphat over the southern kingdom to the fall of the southern kingdom. The tradition is that the prophet jeremiah was the author of both 1 and 2 kings. First kings was written to record history but, more important, to teach the lessons of history. Hubbard in the new bible dictionary listed it as 793 to 753 b.
Hence some have thought the expression meant to a shameful extent and was to be applied to the undue persistence of the petitioners. Apr 02, 2016 watch our overview video on the books of 12 kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. The book of 2 chronicles was likely written between 450 and 425 b. The scope 1st and 2nd kings provide a record of israels history from the beginning of the movement to place. There is nothing about jeremiah in the books of 1 kings and 2 kings. The book of kings is the ninth book of the hebrew bible or the eleventh and twelfth books of the christian old testament. As in the story immediately preceding it, elijah is driven to a new place. By the end of the story, though, she is ready to proclaim, now i know that you are a man of god, and that the word of the lord in your mouth is truth 1 kings 17. Known as kings 1 and 2 in english bibles, the book of kings is originally a single book that recounts the rule of israels kings from davids son solomon up until the time of israels exile, the final result of israels disobedience.
Best commentaries and books on 2 kings logos bible software. The tribes of judah, benjamin, and some of levi were serving a pagan king in a faraway country. They did not turn from these sins 23 until the lord finally swept them away from. As in the story immediately preceding it, elijah is driven to a new place by the word of the lord 1 kings 17. Aug 15, 2008 the books of 1 and 2 kings recount events that cover a period of just over four hundred years, from the death of david to the release of jehoiachin from prison in babylon. The inhabitants of samaria must have endured great affliction. So judah was carried away out of their land 2 kings 25. For an outline of both 1 and 2 kings see introduction to 1 kings. The jews were carried as far east as susa, where the book of esther later took. The books of 1st and 2nd kings, like the other historical books of the old testament, were written not simply to record facts of historical significance, but to reveal and preserve spiritual lessons which have timeless value. The second book of kings cambridge bible commentaries on the. Just as all the other kings of israel, starting with jeroboam, hoshea disobeyed the commands of god recorded.
Study 2 kings 17 using wesleys explanatory notes to better understand scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Thenius prefers they carried their importunity to a shameless length. He could teach them more effectually by word of mouth. In the second year of jehoram the son of jehoshaphat to avoid confusion, the reader should take notice, that in the course of this history, there is mention made of two jehorams.
The prophet elijah left this earth without dying 2. The book of 2 chronicles does not specifically name its author. Tremper longman iii gives this commentary 5 stars highest rating in his 5th edition of the old testament commentary survey. Canon robinson shows that 2 kings is truly a continuation of the story told in the preceding historical books. The two books of kings, originally one book, trace the history of israels monarchy for the ascension of solomon to the fall of the southern kingdom. These and other miraculous events testify to gods continuing work among his people. Shalmaneser comes up against him, makes him tributary, and then casts him into prison, 3, 4. The books of first and second kings are the story of israels decline. The book of 2 kings, along with 1 kings, was likely written between 560 and 540 b. Book of second kings overview insight for living ministries. The book of 2 kings is a sequel to the book of 1 kings. They pressed upon him, ad bosh, means until he was embarrassed, disconcerted, put out of countenance. In 1 kings we have the record of the division of the kingdom, and 2 kings records the collapse of the kingdom.1189 526 1454 615 274 1368 792 688 947 368 296 419 1053 638 807 530 355 1452 835 596 381 131 875 1537 368 1643 731 879 805 523 1567 705 397 871 1151 1008 314 524 833 774 925 1418 1305 7 579