Classics in the history of psychology sherif 19541961. Sherif et al 19541961 intergroup conflict and cooperation. Conducted at the height of the cold war, the experiment officially had a happy ending. Series of experiments in which boys from intact, middleclass families who were carefully screened to ensure. Sherifs robbers cave experiment 22 young boys were divided into two groups friendships were established and they developed an identity when the groups were introduced conflict began such as. Sherif validated his theory in one his most famous experiments, the robbers cave. The pressure was particularly intense after the failure of the 1953 study. Website software copyright 2019, archieboy holdings, llc. First, this study has implications for the contact hypothesis of prejudice reduction, which, in its simplest form, posits that contact between members of different groups improves how well groups get along. Pdf version of intergroup conflict and cooperation. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading the lost boys. Muzafer sherifs robbers cave experiment was a reallife. The robbers cave study helps to illustrate several key ideas in psychology, including realistic conflict theory, social identity theory, and the contact hypothesis. A critical test of the sherifs robbers cave experiments.
Sherif s classic social psychology experiment named robbers cave experiment dealt with ingroup relations, outgroup relations and intergroup relations. The 1954 robbers cave experiment by muzafer sherif and carolyn wood sherif represents one of the most widely known demonstrations of rct. The robbers cave experiment muzafer sherif social psychology, 2017 your bibliography. For an experiment the size and scope of sherifs there was an enormous amount of preplanning that had to take place. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Overview of the study the robbers cave experiment was part of a series of studies conducted by social psychologist muzafer sherif and his colleagues in the 1940s and 1950s. Muzafer sherifs robbers cave experiment was a reallife lord of the flies a summer camp in the 1950s was a cover for an experiment in which boys were made to fight. Click here for additional information about robbers cave state park. The robbers cave experiment muzafer sherif social psychology. The study is criticized for only having white middle classed boys. Jun 10, 2014 objective of the robbers cave experiment. Could the 3rd phase of sherifs experiment with the boys help solve conflicts between groups in schools. The park plus adjacent wildlife management area is 8,246 acres of wood covered hills.
The robbers cave experiment muzafer sherif et al 1954 the robbers cave experiment on intergroup conflict and cooperation was carried out by muzafer sherif and others as a part of research program at the university of oklahoma. The field experiment involved two groups of twelveyearold boys at robbers. The cave is about 600 metres long, divided into two main parts. Discussion questions muzafer sherif robbers cave study.
Mimics conflicts all over the world people compete for scare resources like jobs, land rise in hostility between groups e. In this experiment, 22 12yearold boys from white, middleclass, protestant backgrounds with. Project muse promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. There, in robbers cave state park, he intended to conduct an unprecedented social experiment that involved pitting sparsely supervised 12yearold boys against each other in the oklahoma. Robbers cave locally known as guchhupani, located near sahasradhara thousand fold spring, is a river cave formation in himalaya, located approximately 8 km from the centre of dehradun city in uttarakhand state of india. It is now available, in cloth and paper, with a new introduction by donald campbell. To see whether strangers who have common goals will form a close group and to see whether two groups who compete with each other will become hostile towards each other. The robbers cave experiment tested muzafer sherifs idea that intergroup conflict occurs when two groups are in competition for limited resources. Robbers cave oklahoma department of wildlife conservation. The robbers cave experiment edition 1 by muzafer sherif. Robbers cave experiment implications and importance. Sep 14, 2015 he helped develop social judgment theory and realistic conflict theory. Green york university, toronto, ontario return to index intergroup con. Shertf and sherifs hypotheses on intergroup competition and cooperation are tested in a natural setting, involving scout troops in a camping situation.
Wilson e wanted to go to robbers cave, and most of the eagles backed this idea. Muzafer sherifs famous experiment, the robbers cave, focused on intergroup conflict and cooperation. The robbers cave study was a largescale experiment studying intergroup relations, carried out by turkish social psychologist muzafer sherif and others in 1954. Sherif s robbers cave experiment realistic conflict theory. The experiment took place at robbers cave state park in oklahoma usa, where 22 white 11yearold boys were lead to believe they were attending a normal summer camp.
Robbers cave experiment realistic conflict theory simply. Science news, articles and information scientific american. In his famous robbers cave experiment, muzafer sherif invited two groups of boys at a summer camp to engage in a sports tournament for valued prizes. The 1954 robbers cave experiment by muzafer sherif and carolyn wood sherif represents one of. Specifically relating to prejudice and realistic conflict theory. Muzafer sherif was born as muzaffer serif basoglu and grew up in a wealthy family that included five children, of whom he was the second born. The sherifs study was conducted over three weeks in a 200acre summer camp in robbers cave state park, oklahoma, focusing on intergroup behavior.
It is now available, in cloth and paper, with a new introduction by donald campbell, and a new postscript by o. Classics in the history of psychology sherif et al. Robbers cave was sherifs third and final try in the intergroup conflict series and his research funds were almost exhausted. The results would make history as one of social psychologys classic studies. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
In this famous experiment, one of the earliest in intergroup relationships, two dozen twelveyearold boys in summer camp were. The robbers cave experiment has, in my opinion, achieved the status of a classical investigation in experimental social psychology. Robbers cave experiment social psychology iresearchnet. Participants 22 aged 11 years old boys, who did not know each other before the study. Commentary on the robbers cave experiment about his three american indian graduate students muzafer sherif stated in a public lecture in the 1960s about the robbers cave experiment like all good things down in oklahoma it was done by indians. Back to the present, robbers cave state park has full accommodations including a lodge, cabins, rv and tent camping. Conformitydeviation, norms, and group relations muzafer sherif university of oklahoma. Muzafer sherif author of the robbers cave experiment. Recreation includes 189 acres of lakes for small boats and fishing, equestrian trails, rock climbing at the cave and hiking. War, peace and the role of power in sherifs robbers cave. Realistic conflict theory sherif 1966 robbers cave. Muzafer sherif is the author of the robbers cave experiment 3. He attended elementary school in odemis for six years and then attended izmir international college from which he received a bachelor of arts in 1926.
Do you think there is an easier way or a quicker way in achieving peace between two conflicting groups. Originally issued in 1954 and updated in 1961 and 1987, this p. The experiment, performed in 1954, heavily focused on the concept of a group and the effects resulting from the perception of belonging to a group on the relationships between members and their relationships with people outside their group. Useful documents and videos to enhance the studying of sherif et al. Intergroup conflict and cooperation muzafer sherif, o. Sep 30, 2007 sherifs robbers cave experiment, a classic study of prejudice and conflict, has at least one hidden story. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc. Classics in the history of psychology an internet resource developed by christopher d.
There are certain questions that should be raised at the outset in dealing with the problem of conformity and deviation. It represents a valuable contribution to our knowledge in the very complicated field of intergroup relations. The experiment focused heavily on the concept of a group and what a perception of belonging to a group can actually do to the relationships of members within it and their relationships with. This theory is supported by evidence from a famous study investigating group conflict. The typical retelling of sherifs classic robbers cave experiment highlights the resolution of intergroup prejudice, but recent interpretations suggest a darker conclusion that demonstrates the corrupting influence of power. This film is protected under title 17 of the united states code. In the summer of 1954, worldrenowned social psychologist muzafer sherif toted 22 boys to the foothills of the san bois mountains of southeastern oklahoma. The university of akron in 50s middle grove, things didnt go according to plan either, though the surprise was of a different nature. Originally issued in 1954 and updated in 1961 and 1987, this pioneering study of small group conflict and cooperation has long been outofprint. But the rattlers replied that the stone corral was a part of robbers cave, and they couldnt build a fire at the cave itself. Free download of intergroup conflict and cooperation. He validated the theory that group conflict, negati.1273 1417 764 731 372 783 1507 1475 116 1050 1566 77 1672 1663 362 1614 750 737 510 1374 583 1001 947 310 1038 667 1064 1421 1307 1036 37 338 1018 694 1186 1010 923 1386