Ap style recommends spelling out state names in the body of stories effective may 1, 2014 and using abbreviations in datelines. You might want to check the ap style for abbreviating state names, though. Ap stylebook, also known by its full name the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law, is an english grammar style and usage guide created by american journalists working for or connected with the associated press to standardize mass communication. Websters abbreviation is rn, though registered nurse should be spelled on first reference in ap stories. While acronyms are highly efficient, care needs to be taken when using them. The editorial style standards are a guide to the proper style and usage of university terminology, including department names, programs, buildings, initiatives and more, and will continue to evolve over time. Register to view your products, order status, shipment trackings and manage your account settings. Here is a sampling of frequently asked questions, with examples of ap style used in answers. This can be particularly tricky with the titles of major works, so heres a few. Sometimes its difficult to remember which rules are ap and which rules are remnants from years of college courses. Generally ap style omits periods in acronyms, unless doing so would spell an unrelated word. In almost all cases, the office of public affairs follows ap style. This is intended as a quick rundown or cheat sheet. Its updated throughout the year and valuable onlineonly resources, including ask the editor, topical guides and pronunciation guide, expand on the print books guidance.
These can be names of organizations nato, nations usa, and phrases faq. Acronyms are words formed from the initial letters of a multiword term. Street, avenue and boulevard are only abbreviated when with numbered addresses. The 2016 associated press stylebook and briefing on media. Founded in 1846, ap today is the most trusted source of independent. The ap stylebook will help you master the ap s rules on grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, abbreviation, word and numeral usage, and when to use more than instead of over. Ap style state abbreviations differ from their corresponding united states postal service abbreviations, provided in parentheses.
Ap stylebook online is a searchable, customizable resource for writers and editors. This section can be used as a primer and a quick reference, not a replacement to the gpo or ap style books. The associated press stylebook and briefing on media law official style. The 2016 associated press stylebook and briefing on media law. Road and other related causeways such as court, drive, lane, way, etc. Neither means that the usual headlinestyle or titlestyle caps still apply, but the titlename is naked as far as quotes and italics are concerned. Ap style also aims to avoid stereotypes and unintentionally offensive language. The department prefers bullets, but punctuate them per ap style. Those are alaska, hawaii, idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, texas and utah. Most examples here are taken and condensed from these style books. Associated press style the majority of journalists and public relations practitioners use ap style, based on the associated press stylebook. For the style and spelling of words not found in ap or gpo, see websters new world college dictionary.
Spell out the name of a month when it is used without a specific date. Associated press ap style checklist associated press style is a form of writing used primarily by journalists and public relations professionals. Datelines appear at the beginning of stories and include the name of the city in all capital letters, usually followed the state or territory in which the city is located. Jack gillespie, rowan university, purdue university writing lab and ap stylebook page 2. The associated press stylebook provides an az guide to issues such as capitalization, abbreviation, punctuation, spelling, numerals and many other questions of language usage. Dont abbreviate if there isnt a city name before the state. If a states name is standing alone or in conjunction with a city or town in your text, spell out the entire states name.
Use twoletter postal abbreviations only in mailing addresses which include a zip code. Welcome to ask the editor, a forum on writing, style and phrasing issues that go beyond the pages of the ap stylebook. Ap is releasing the 2015 ap stylebook ebook with basic books, a division of the perseus books group, which also publishes the perfectbound print ap. The ap stylebook, the buzzfeed style guide, the economist style guide, and the chicago manual of style all recommend hyphenating ebook, as well as most other e words such as ereader and ecommerce its conceivable that over time, ebook may lose its hyphen. Both the ap stylebook and the buzzfeed style guide already recommend spelling email without the. Ap style place acronyms in parentheses after the full term on first use in the text. The names of eight states are never abbreviated in datelines or text. Refer to aps datelines entry for use of certain wellknown city names alone. Use ap style to abbreviate the names of states in datelines, lists, photo captions, etc. Ap stylebook cannot be made available in any printed form to any other person, third party or affiliate, or used for cdrom publishing, fax on demand, audiotext, email, or any other electronic delivery service or forany other purpose than the posting of the ap stylebook on your internal computer system, without aps prior written approval. Postal service has used me or the uppercase me as its official maine abbreviation since 1963. Ap style for states abbreviations march 14, 2015 a.
To make navigating these specialty chapters even easier, the stylebook includes a comprehensive index. The associated press stylebook and briefing on media law is available for the first time as an interactive ebook, making the nations leading resource for newsroom style easier to use. It wasnt about my prose, reporting, or lede, but that i neglected to abbreviate september. Ap editor david minthorn fields questions of widest interest posed by subscribers to the online ap stylebook. If you want to know all about the ap style state abbreviations, you have been a wise soul to click on this article. The two letter postal state abbreviations mi should only be used in full addresses. Reference books bible, websters dictionary, ap stylebook. After each bullet, capitalize the first letter and use periods at the end of each item. Ap is not done rocking the journalism world with style changes. Office of public affairs university of southern maine. Associated press style essentials this ap short guide is. The ap stylebook will help you master the aps rules on grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, abbreviation, word and numeral usage, and when to use more than instead of over. Capitalize common nouns and their distinguishing modifiers in names of associations, societies, companies, streets, etc. Follow these associated press guidelines for the u.
Remember back in college when you had to keep track of all the different ap rules for your student newspaper on top of the chicago manual of style for your academic classes. Publishers locations for apa referencing when you write an apastyle reference list, you need to provide the publishing details publishers name and location when writing reference entries for books, reports, brochures, and. Abbreviations are often desired in tabulations and certain types of technical writings. The associated press stylebook provides an az guide to issues such as. Ap style isnt keen on using state abbreviations in titles, so spell them out. Associated press style is to use dashes, not bullets, for lists that follow a colon. Belmokhtar, mokhtar a top figure in alqaida in the islamic maghreb. Crash course on ap style writing visual storytelling. Ap style lists a number of acronyms and abbreviations that can be used on first reference without definition. The latest edition of the ap stylebook calls for the names of eight states never to be abbreviated in datelines or text. Spiralbound book, updated each spring 2019 ap stylebook.
Capitalization avoid unnecessary capital letters avoid alphabet soup tons of abbreviations. Iowa, maine, ohio, texas or utah use only the following state abbreviations not two letter postal abbreviations, except in. I remember when i filed one of my first bylines for a newspaper only to get my inbox slammed with emails from my editor in chief. Let me know what important rules ive missed, or if you see a mistake. The 2016 associated press stylebook and briefing on media law associated press on.
My ap stylebook always lists examples in italics, so its difficult to see if italics are. You must register and have a current subscription to access ap stylebook online register now. Alaska, hawaii, idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, texas, and utah. Ap stylebook has provided a list indicating exactly how the states should be shortened. There are eight states that should never be abbreviated in text or datelines. Louisiana unless its a widely known section, as in southern california or south florida. What follows are summaries of some of the most common style rules. Too many, the ap style guide warns, produces alphabet soup. In a news story, can you start a sentence with an acronym. It focuses on clear and concise writing, with each paragraph only being about two or three sentences long. Idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, texas, and utah five letters or fewer plus alaska and hawaii as a general rule, do not use postal abbreviations.
Before we begin to enlist the abbreviations, it is mandatory for one to learn and garner information about what ap is, with a brief, supplementary note on the history of the same. Unlike academic writing, ap style does not require a reference list or in text citations. Ap stylebook adds ebook edition to digital product suite. Associated press stylebook associated press stylebook and. Abbreviate names of states when used after the names of cities and towns, but. All you need to know about titles in ap style gatehouse. Those states are alaska, hawaii, idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, texas, and utah. The associated press is the essential global news network, delivering fast, unbiased news from every corner of the world to all media platforms and formats. It wouldnt be ap style without an exception or two. Texas is probably not a good one to use as an example. There are quite a few rules in the ap stylebook for state names and ap style state abbreviations. To help them out, ive pulled together some of the most essential rules. Alaska, hawaii, idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, and utah.
Following is the breakdown between ap style and chicago style. Although it is sold as a guide for reporters, it has become the leading reference for most forms of publicfacing. The 2019 edition of the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law includes more than 200 new or revised entries, with chapters covering data journalism, business, fashion, food, religion and sports terms, as well as media law, news values, punctuation, social media, polls and surveys and a new chapter on health and science. The best ap style cheat sheet every writer needs free download. Abbreviate months with six or more letters if they are used with a specific date. When an abbreviation is two letter initials, do not separate with a space s.
Colon capitalize the first word after a colon only if it is a proper noun or the start of a complete sentence. To complain about ap style, write to the associated press, 450 w. There is indeed a science and art behind writing a press release. Twelve common mistakes of ap style apr 19, 2011 admin. Most of these examples were taken from the ap stylebook. Always capitalize ceo or any corporate suite abbreviation before or after a name. For words that you cannot find in our ap style list, use the firstlisted abbreviation in websters new world dictionary. Ap style state abbreviations for press release dateline follow these associated press guidelines for the u. In this post, we will summarize all of the ap stylebook state abbreviations rules. Daily caller trolls new york times over style guide observer.581 1561 1336 336 1567 1499 803 1527 588 1217 1666 157 1479 792 429 1060 971 1340 1663 1432 853 1014 1047 1536 1130 21 13 780 1049 220 475 1117 744 888